CST – Computer Simulation Technology

A Generalized Rectangular Cavity Approach for Determination of Complex Permittivity of Materials
Abhishek Kumar Jha, Mohammad Jaleel Akhtar
VOL. 63, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2014
pp 2632 - 2641
Cavity perturbation technique, complex permittivity, dielectric properties, inverse technique, optimization routines, resonant methods
A novel cavity-based unified approach to measure the complex permittivity of dielectric samples placed in the E-plane of a rectangular cavity is presented. The proposed generalized cavity method is not limited to test specimens of smaller electrical dimensions, and requires two basic steps. The first step modifies the conventional cavity perturbation technique, where the effects of possible air gap between the cavity slot and the test specimen are also considered. The second step of the proposed approach employs a numerical optimization scheme, where the actual 3-D geometry of the fabricated cavity is simulated using the numerical field simulator, the Computer Simulation Technology (CST) Microwave Studio. The dielectric properties of the test specimen in this case are determined with the help of a MATLAB-based optimization routine, which calls the CST modules over the component object model interface and minimizes the error between the measured and the simulated scattering coefficients. The permittivity of the test specimen determined using the first step is provided as the initial guess to improve the convergence of the numerical optimization scheme. The proposed unified approach is validated by designing two rectangular cavities having different slot sizes operating in the TE107 mode. A number of standard dielectric samples are measured with the help of a vector network analyzer, and a very good agreement is observed between the measured permittivity values and the published data available in the literature having a typical error of less than 2% for samples of even larger dimensions.

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