Calculation of wakefields in a 17 GHz beam-driven photonic band-gap accelerator structure
Min Hu, Brian J. Munroe, Michael A. Shapiro, Richard J. Temkin
PHYSICAL REVIEW SPECIAL TOPICS - ACCELERATORS AND BEAMS
Volume: 16, Issue: 2, 11 February 2013
022002 - 022002-10
beam-driven, photonic, band-gap, accelerator structure
We present the theoretical analysis and computer simulation of the wakefields in a 17 GHz photonic band-gap (PBG) structure for accelerator applications. Using the commercial code CST PARTICLE STUDIO, the fundamental accelerating mode and dipole modes are excited by passing an 18 MeV electron beam through a seven-cell traveling-wave PBG structure. The characteristics of the longitudinal and transverse wakefields, wake potential spectrum, dipole mode distribution, and their quality factors are calculated and analyzed theoretically. Unlike in conventional disk-loaded waveguide (DLW) structures, three dipole modes (TM11-like, TM12-like, and TM13-like) are excited in the PBG structure with comparable initial amplitudes. These modes are separated by less than 4 GHz in frequency and are damped quickly due to low radiative Q factors. Simulations verify that a PBG structure provides wakefield damping relative to a DLW structure. Simulations were done with both single-bunch excitation to determine the frequency spectrum of the wakefields and multibunch excitation to compare to wakefield measurements taken at MIT using a 17 GHz bunch train. These simulation results will guide the design of next-generation highgradient accelerator PBG structures.
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