CST – Computer Simulation Technology

Nonlinear Investigation and 3-D Particle Simulation of Second-Harmonic Gyro-TWT With a Mode Selective Circuit

Title:
Nonlinear Investigation and 3-D Particle Simulation of Second-Harmonic Gyro-TWT With a Mode Selective Circuit
Author(s):
Muthiah Thottappan, Pradip Kumar Jain
Source:
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES
Vol./Issue/Date:
Vol. 62 No. 5
Year:
2016
Page(s):
pp 1641 - 1647
Keywords:
Beam spread, gyro-TWT, Ku-band, large signal regime, Particle-in-Cell (PIC) code, pitch
Abstract:
The beam–wave interaction behavior of a second-harmonic Ku-band high-power gyro-TWT comprising a mode selective RF interaction circuit has been investigated using a 3-D particle simulation code. The mode-selective RF circuit has been cut axially into four slices to restrain the electromagnetic modes not having m = 2 symmetry. A self-consistent nonlinear large signal code has been developed to compute the field amplitude, power, energy, and phase of the gyrating beam. The amplifier gives a saturated peak power of ~230 kW at 15.8 GHz for beam parameters of 80 kV and 20 A having a pitch of 1.1. The large signal gain of the device has been calculated as ~16 dB for the beam spread of 14%. Further, the nonlinear findings have been validated against the Particle-in-Cell code that predicts the saturated output power of ~193 kW in a circular TE21 mode at the desired operating frequency.
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