NOVEL MODELING AND DESIGN OF CIRCULARLY POLARIZED DIELECTRIC RESONATOR ANTENNA ARRAY
M. F. Ain, Y. M. Qasaymeh, Z. A. Ahmad, M. A. Zakariya1, M. A. Othman1, S. S. Olokede, M. Z. Abdullah
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C
Volume: 28, 2012
Novel Modeling, Design Circularly
This paper presents a design of circularly polarized dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) array. The dielectric resonators (DRs) were excited by rectangular aperture coupling slots feed with a linear microstrip. The slot positions were determined based on the characteristic of standing wave ratio over a short ended microstrip to
deliver the maximum amount of coupling power to the DRs, in order to
improve the array gain Each DR element was rotated 45± with respect
to the sides of the exciting slot to generate circular polarization pattern.
The DRA array was modeled and simulated as a parallel RLC input
impedance component using Agilent (ADS) software, since that will
ensure the resonant frequency of the antenna as primary design step
before simulating in (CST) software and doing the measurements. The
results of the return loss, gain radiation and pattern axial ratio are
shown. The gain of the proposed array in X band was about 8.5 dBi,
while the 3 dB axial ratio bandwidth started from 8.14 to 8.24 GHz.
The impedance bandwidths started from 8.14 GHz to 8.26 GHz. The
proposed DRA exhibited an enhancement of the gain in comparison to
a single pellet DRA. The size of the whole antenna structure is about
40mm £ 50mm and can potentially be used in wireless systems.
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