Saturation of the Magnetic Response of Split-Ring Resonators at Optical Frequencies
J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis
Physical Review Letters
Volume: 95, Issue: 22, 25. November 2005
223902-1 - 223902-4
We investigate numerically the limits of the resonant magnetic response with a negative effective permeability eff for single-ring multicut split-ring resonator (SRR) designs up to optical frequencies. We find the breakdown of linear scaling due to the free electron kinetic energy for frequencies above 100 THz. Above the linear scaling regime, the resonance frequency saturates, while the amplitude of the resonant permeability decreases, ultimately ceasing to reach negative value. The highest resonance frequency at which eff < 0 increases with the number of cuts in the SRR. A LC circuit model providesexplanation of the numerical data.
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