CST – Computer Simulation Technology

Title:
Ultra-high field MRI for primate imaging using the travelling-wave concept
Author(s):
Johannes Mallow, Tim Herrmann, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Joerg Stadler, Judith Mylius, Michael Brosch, Johannes Bernarding
Source:
Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine
Vol./Issue/Date:
Volume: 26, Issue: 4, 12 December 2012
Year:
2012
Page(s):
389-400
Keywords:
Travelling-wave  Primate MRI  7 T  RF coils  Tx resonator  Flip angle mapping
Abstract:
Object Ultra-high field (UHF) neuroimaging is usually conducted with volume transmit (Tx) and phased array receive (Rx) coils, both tightly enclosing the object. The travelling-wave (TW) concept allows a remote excitation offering more flexible experimental setups. To investigate the feasibility of primate MRI in horizontal UHF MRI, we first compared the distribution of the electromagnetic fields in an oil phantom and then verified the concept with an in vivo experiment. Materials and methods In the phantom experiments an in-house circularly polarized hybrid birdcage coil and a self-developed patch antenna were used for Tx and an eight-element phased array antenna for Rx. B1? fields were calculated and measured for both approaches. For in vivo experiments the Rx part was replaced with an optimized three-element phased array head coil. The SAR was calculated using field simulation. Results In the phantom the field distribution was homogenous in a central volume of interest of about 10 cm diameter. The TW concept showed a slightly better homogeneity. Examination of a female crab-eating macaque led to homogeneous high-contrast images with a good delineation of anatomical details.
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