|Image of the cavity-backed log-periodic 2-arm.|
Cavity-backed spiral antennas can provide unidirectional, broadband, polarization agile radiation patterns when the cavity backings are loaded with absorber layers. The basic radiating structures of the Log-periodic 2-arm antenna produces a bi-directional pattern along the axis of symmetry. Unidirectional radiation is obtained by positioning the antenna over a planar reflector placed one quarter-wavelength away at the center frequency. Though this approach increases the broadside gain at the center frequency by 3dBi, it is only feasible for narrow bandwidth applications as the gain varies very quickly away from the center frequency. By rather introducing a cavity backing that is filled with layered absorbers, multi-octave performance bandwidths, with relatively stable gain over the band can be achieved.